Ancestral Journeys

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Archive for the ‘Census’ Category

Taking Stock – What I Know and Where to go from Here

Posted by dwsuddarth on 14 October 2016

Periodically, I find it very helpful to stop and take a deep breath and consider what information I have found in my research on a particular subject. I find that this review can help focus my future research so that I know what it is I need to concentrate on and what type of records I should be looking for. Too many times in our research, we get going down a path and accumulate records without really stopping to consider what they are telling us or where they are leading us.

With that said, here is what I have found regarding Vojtech Cerny:

  • Vojtech Cerny was enumerated on the 1880 Chicago census living at 75 Meagher Street. The household includes the following:
    • Albert (Vojtech) Cerny – age 30 (so born about 1850), works in grain house, cannot read or write, born in Bohemia, parents born in Bohemia
    • Kate (Katerina) – wife, age 32 (so born about 1848), keeps house, cannot read or write, born in Bohemia, parents born in Bohemia
    • Mary – daughter, age 8 (so born about 1872), at school, born in Illinois
    • Annie – daughter, age 7 (so born about 1873), at school, born in Illinois
    • Kate – daughter, age 6 (so born about 1874), at school, born in Illinois
    • Louisa – daughter, age 7/12, born Nov. (1879), Illinois
  • Vojtech Cerny was enumerated on the 1870 Chicago census in the household of Thomas Jarnica (Tomas Cerny). The household includes the following:
    • Albert (Vojtech) Jarnica (Cerny) – age 20 (so born about 1850), works in elevator, no real or personal estate, born in Bohemia
    • Catherine (Katerina) – age 24 (so born about 1846), keeps house, born in Bohemia
  • Joseph and Matilda Padrta enumerated in the 1880 Chicago census at 75 Meagher Street (same address as Vojtech and Katerina). Katerina’s maiden name is Padrta (found in baptism records of children). Joseph and Matilda are buried in the same lot as Vojtech and Katerina at St. Adalbert’s Cemetery in Niles, Illinois. Joseph is most likely Katerina’s brother.
  • Vojtech and Katerina were Catholic. The baptisms of all their children are found at St. Wenceslaus Parish in Chicago. Mother’s (Katerina) maiden name given as Padrta in baptism records. Sponsors are Tomas and Katerina Cerny.
  • City directory listings for Vojtech have been found tracing his location from 75 Meagher Street to 250 Maxwell Street.
  • Chicago voter registration records:
    • 1888: Term of residence in county – 20 years, state – 20 years. Naturalized, date of papers 1870, County Court of Cook County.
    • 1890: Address listed as 250 Maxwell, noted as Albert Cerny. Term of residence in county – 20 years, state – 20 years. Naturalized, date of papers 1870, County Court of Cook County.
  • Vojtech Cerny death certificate (Dept. of Health, City of Chicago):
    • Name: Albert Cerny
    • Born in: Bohemin
    • Age: 46 yrs., 4 months
    • Lived in Illinois 46 years (this is not correct)
    • Died: 4 August 1896
    • Married
    • Occupation: Labor
    • Place of Death: 250 W. 13th Place (Maxwell)
    • Undertaker: Jos. Schultz, 151 DeKoven St.
  • Vojtech Cerny obituary:
    • Published in Denni Hlasatel, 6 August 1896
    • Died 46 years, 4 months
    • Born Kojakovice, Trebon District, Bohemia
    • Funeral Friday, 7 August 1896 from 250 Maxwell
    • Burial in Czech-Polish Cemetery (St. Adalbert’s)
    • Katerina Cerny – wife
    • Daughters: Marie Hubalek, Katerina, Aloisie, Julie, Otillie, Klara
    • Son: Vojtech
    • Sons-in-Law: Jan Hubalek, Vojtech Steker
  • Vojetech Cerny baptism:
    • Parish registries, Kojakovice, Trebon District
    • Date of birth: 13 April 1850, Kojakovice, house 37
    • Date of baptism: 13 April 1850
    • Catholic, male, legitimate
    • Father: Vit Cerny, farmer, Kojakovice, house 37; legitimate son of Vavrince Cerny, farmer, Kojakovice, house 37 and Markety nee Koranda, daughter of farmer of Petrovice, house 15
    • Mother: Anna, legitimate daughter of Vojtech Kojan (deceased), farmer, Kojakovice, house 25 and Alzbety nee Ctortnik (hard to read), daughter of farmer, Kojakovice, house 24

Whew! That’s a lot of information! So where do we go from here? Looking at what I have, I have six to do’s (I could go on chasing lots of records, but these six items are what I really should concentrate on next):

  1. I have information about Vojtech’s birth and death, but not his marriage. He and Katerina were presumably married prior to June 1870 (date of the 1870 census), but not sure if in Chicago or in Bohemia. Have already searched parish books in Chicago for years 1868 – 1870 with no luck, so need to look through parish registries in Bohemia.
  2. Locate Katerina’s birth in the parish registries. I have her approximate date of birth and her maiden name.
  3. Locate immigration record for Votech (naturalization record would have been lost in the Chicago fire of 1871). Immigration date would be prior to June 1870. However, do not know the port of immigration. Most people came through New York (Castle Garden) at that time, but there were many other ports.
  4. Assemble timeline for Vojtech. Timelines can be very useful tools in laying out an ancestor’s life. They can help organize missing pieces and direct further research.
  5. Have found baptisms of Vojtech and Katerina’s children. Would like to find baptism records of Vojtech’s possible siblings in Bohemia.
  6. Begin putting together a family group sheet for Vit Cerny, Vojtech’s father.

Some of these can be done concurrent with each other, while others should be done before other items. For example, I can put together a timeline while I am searching for the marriage. However, I really need to find the marriage before looking for immigration records as the marriage date can help narrow down a possible date of immigration.

I have a lot of work to do yet, but the hunt will be fun. If you can come up with anything else you feel I should add to the list, let me know!

Posted in Bohemia, Census, Cerny, Chicago, City Directories, Genealogy, Methodology, Padrta | Tagged: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

1940 Census

Posted by dwsuddarth on 4 April 2012

My great grandparents, Thomas Francis Leddy and Kathryn Daley Rice Leddy on the 1940 census.

1940 U. S. Census, Addison Township, DuPage County, Illinois, population schedule, 6th Representative District, Elmhurst City, enumeration district (ED) 22-3, sheet 16A, house number 314, household 403, Thomas F. Leddy household; digital images, National Archives and Records Administration ( : accessed 4 April 2012).

Posted in Census, Leddy | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

Patience Suddarth

Posted by dwsuddarth on 9 July 2011

One of my most elusive and most intriguing ancestors is Patience Suddarth.  I first encountered Patience on the 1820 Crawford County, Indiana census.  She is enumerated as ‘Patience Suddreth’ and is the head of household, 26 – 45 years of age.  Also in the household are two young boys, one 10 – 16 and the other under 10 years.  Enumerated immediately before Patience is ‘James Suddreth’ and immediately after is Jeremiah Tadlock, husband of James’s sister, Sarah Suddarth.

There is definitely a relationship between Patience, James and Sarah.  Just what exactly that relationship is has not been confirmed.  James is 25 years of age at this time (born 1795) and Sarah is 17 (born 1803).  Looking at the 1820 census record, Patience would have been between 26 and 45, so she could be a sister to James and Sarah, their mother, an Aunt, or some other relationship.  It is also not clear from this record whether Patience is a widow or had never married (we cannot be sure that Patience is the mother of the two boys in the household).  I have found no other records for Patience in Crawford or surrounding counties in Indiana, and I do not find her anywhere in the 1830 census.

I do, however, find someone who could possibly be her in the 1810 census.  The 1810 Casey County, Kentucky census lists a ‘Peashant Sutheard’, head of household, between the ages of 26 and 45.  Additionally, there is another female in the household, under 10 years of age, making her born between 1800 and 1810.  There are also two young boys in the household, both under 10, so born between 1800 and 1810 as well.  Is this the same Patience Suddarth as was found in Crawford County?

I believe it is.  The age on the two census records agrees.  If this is the same Patience, she would have been born between 1775 and 1784.  James Suddarth, enumerated in the 1820 census immediately before Patience, enlisted at the Casey County, Kentucky courthouse in 1813 to fight in the War of 1812.  Additionally, James is found in Casey County tax lists for the years 1812 – 1814.  There is also a John Suddarth found in the Casey County tax lists in 1809 and then again from 1812 through 1815 and in 1817.  I have not found John in the tax lists for 1810, 1811 or 1816.  Neither John nor James are found in the Casey County census in 1810.

So, we know that there are Suddarths in Casey County at the time.  We also know that James from Crawford County, Indiana, is from Casey County, Kentucky and is found on tax lists there.  But what about the children found in the census records?

The Suddarth family of Crawford County, Indiana consisted of 4 brothers and 1 sister, according to a letter written by Jerry Suddarth in 1899.  These brothers were James, born 1795; Benjamin, born 1801; John, born 1811; and Lewis, born 1812.  The sister was Sarah, who was born in 1803.  In 1810, the female found in the household is the right age to be Sarah.  Of the two boys, Benjamin was born in 1801, so he would have been under 10 at the time of the census.  James would have been 15, so it is possible that a mistake was made in the census.   James could also have been in another household at the age of 15 and this is another child who died young.  I think that with all the other evidence, that either of these situations is very likely.  The 1820 census in Crawford County, Indiana shows two boys, one under 10, and the other 10 to 16.  I think that it is very likely that the one under 10 is Lewis and that the one who is 10 to 16 is John (he would have been 9 at the time; it is very possible that he was reported and/or marked as being 10.  James and Sarah are each in their own households in 1820.  Benjamin has not been found in 1820.

No other records have been found which mention Patience.  This is not surprising for a female at that time.  I am pretty confident that the Patience found in 1810 is the same as the Patience found in 1820.  If that is the case, then I believe that she is not a widow, but that Suddarth is her maiden name.  This of course leads to all kinds of questions, such as whose children is she raising, both in 1810 and 1820?  Are they hers and she was never married or are they the children of a relative that she has taken in and is helping to raise?  I am sure that there are many other possibilities, as well.  Patience will remain one of my favorite ancestors to research, hoping to uncover more of her life’s story.

Posted in Census, Genealogy, Indiana, Kentucky, Methodology, Suddarth | Tagged: , , , , | 1 Comment »

William Hart Monroe – Census Returns

Posted by dwsuddarth on 2 January 2010

Having looked at the 1930 census for William Monroe, I looked at the 1920, 1910, and 1900 census returns.  In 1920, the family is enumerated in Farm Ridge Township and is living on a farm, which William owns.  He is listed as being 39 years of age, from Scotland.  The columns which specify his naturalization and year of immigration are marked “Un” for unknown.  Also enumerated in the household are the following:

  • Elsie, wife, age 35, born in Illinois
  • Gladys, daughter, age 16, born in Illinois
  • May, daughter, age 15, born in Illinois
  • Ruth, daughter, age 13, born in Illinois
  • Will, son, age 12, born in Illinois
  • Douglas, son, age 8, born in Illinois
  • Estaline, daughter, age 6, born in Illinois
  • Augustus, son, age 4, born in Illinois
  • Cecil, son, age 2, born in Illinois

Comparing this data with the information from the 1930 census, I notice that Gladys, May and Ruth are children which are not found in 1930.  It is most likely that these three daughters had married by 1930.  In addition, there is a Douglas enumerated in 1920, but not in 1930.  There is also a James in 1930 which is not found in the 1920 census.  These do happen to be the same person, as James’ middle name was Douglas.  All the other children match the 1930 census.

In 1910, the family is again enumerated in Farm Ridge Township, on a farm.  The family unit appears to agree with the other census records.  In addition, William’s year of immigration is noted as 1888 (the number is very difficult to make out; it could be 1880, 1881, 1885, 1886 or 1888).  Enumerated next to William is a Mrs. Anna Monroe, age 62, born in Ireland.  She is widowed and is listed as the head of household.  There is also a James Monroe, age 27, living in the household and is listed as her son.  It is very likely that this is William’s mother.

In the 1900 census, William is found in Farm Ridge Township working as a Farm Laborer on the farm of Fred Munns.  His date of birth is listed as Oct. 1881 and his year of immigration is listed as 1886.  He is listed as a naturalized citizen.

Having found William in the 1900, 1910, 1920 and 1930 censuses, it is time to begin putting together and correlating what has been learned.

Posted in Census, Methodology, Monroe | Tagged: , | 1 Comment »

William Hart Monroe – 1930 Census

Posted by dwsuddarth on 23 November 2009

When searching census records, I make up a census inventory for each person.  That way, I have a record of what census records I have found and where they were living in each of those years.  For William, I started with the 1930 census.

Knowing where the family was from (I know where my grandmother was born), it was not difficult to find the 1930, 1920, 1910 and 1900 census records.  In 1930, the family is enumerated in the city of Marseilles, Manlius Township, LaSalle County, Illinois.  From the census, I get the following information:

The family is living at 850 Washington Street in the town of Marseilles, Illinois.  William H. Munroe [sic] is the head of the household.  He is renting the house that his family is living in for $20 per month and they do not own a radio set.  Many of his neighbors, with a couple of exceptions, are also renting their homes and do not have radios in the home.  William is listed as 49 years old, making him born around 1881.  This is right in line with the birth date of 17 October 1880 that I found in the family history book.  Further information on the census states that he was 22 years old when married.  If he was born in 1880, that would put his marriage date in 1902.  Again, that is right where it should be if the book I have is correct.  Then things begin to get interesting.  According to the census, William was born in Scotland, as was his father.  His mother was born in Ireland.  This means that William must have immigrated to the US at some point.  Looking further in the census, his wife, Elsie was born in Illinois.  Therefore, William most likely immigrated before 1902, the year of his marriage.  Unfortunately, the column on the 1930 census which is to be used to record year of immigration contains a number 1 in a circle, not a date.  In addition, the column which is to be used to record naturalization contains ‘Un’ for unknown.  Finally, from the 1930 census, we learn that William is working as a laborer in a carton factory.

Other members of the household include the following:




Place of Birth


Elsie Wife 46 Illinois None

William Jr.

Son 22 Illinois Pipe Fitter – Carton Factory
James Son 18 Illinois Laborer – Dairy
Estaline Daughter 17 Illinois None
Augustus Son 14 Illinois None
Cecil Son 12 Illinois None
Robert Son 9 Illinois None
Elsie Mae Daughter 5 Illinois None

From this census record, I can begin to fill in the pieces of William’s life and begin to verify some of the information I already have.  In addition, this census tells me that I should consider trying to find more information regarding his immigration.  I also am going to need to begin studying up on Scotland and the records which may be available to me there, particularly a birth record for William.  First, though, I need to find the other census records to see what else I can learn about William.

William H. Munroe Household, 1930 Census

Click image to view

Posted in Census, Methodology, Monroe | Tagged: , , | Leave a Comment »