Ancestral Journeys

Genealogical research and thoughts

Posts Tagged ‘Kentucky’

Patience Suddarth

Posted by dwsuddarth on 9 July 2011

One of my most elusive and most intriguing ancestors is Patience Suddarth.  I first encountered Patience on the 1820 Crawford County, Indiana census.  She is enumerated as ‘Patience Suddreth’ and is the head of household, 26 – 45 years of age.  Also in the household are two young boys, one 10 – 16 and the other under 10 years.  Enumerated immediately before Patience is ‘James Suddreth’ and immediately after is Jeremiah Tadlock, husband of James’s sister, Sarah Suddarth.

There is definitely a relationship between Patience, James and Sarah.  Just what exactly that relationship is has not been confirmed.  James is 25 years of age at this time (born 1795) and Sarah is 17 (born 1803).  Looking at the 1820 census record, Patience would have been between 26 and 45, so she could be a sister to James and Sarah, their mother, an Aunt, or some other relationship.  It is also not clear from this record whether Patience is a widow or had never married (we cannot be sure that Patience is the mother of the two boys in the household).  I have found no other records for Patience in Crawford or surrounding counties in Indiana, and I do not find her anywhere in the 1830 census.

I do, however, find someone who could possibly be her in the 1810 census.  The 1810 Casey County, Kentucky census lists a ‘Peashant Sutheard’, head of household, between the ages of 26 and 45.  Additionally, there is another female in the household, under 10 years of age, making her born between 1800 and 1810.  There are also two young boys in the household, both under 10, so born between 1800 and 1810 as well.  Is this the same Patience Suddarth as was found in Crawford County?

I believe it is.  The age on the two census records agrees.  If this is the same Patience, she would have been born between 1775 and 1784.  James Suddarth, enumerated in the 1820 census immediately before Patience, enlisted at the Casey County, Kentucky courthouse in 1813 to fight in the War of 1812.  Additionally, James is found in Casey County tax lists for the years 1812 – 1814.  There is also a John Suddarth found in the Casey County tax lists in 1809 and then again from 1812 through 1815 and in 1817.  I have not found John in the tax lists for 1810, 1811 or 1816.  Neither John nor James are found in the Casey County census in 1810.

So, we know that there are Suddarths in Casey County at the time.  We also know that James from Crawford County, Indiana, is from Casey County, Kentucky and is found on tax lists there.  But what about the children found in the census records?

The Suddarth family of Crawford County, Indiana consisted of 4 brothers and 1 sister, according to a letter written by Jerry Suddarth in 1899.  These brothers were James, born 1795; Benjamin, born 1801; John, born 1811; and Lewis, born 1812.  The sister was Sarah, who was born in 1803.  In 1810, the female found in the household is the right age to be Sarah.  Of the two boys, Benjamin was born in 1801, so he would have been under 10 at the time of the census.  James would have been 15, so it is possible that a mistake was made in the census.   James could also have been in another household at the age of 15 and this is another child who died young.  I think that with all the other evidence, that either of these situations is very likely.  The 1820 census in Crawford County, Indiana shows two boys, one under 10, and the other 10 to 16.  I think that it is very likely that the one under 10 is Lewis and that the one who is 10 to 16 is John (he would have been 9 at the time; it is very possible that he was reported and/or marked as being 10.  James and Sarah are each in their own households in 1820.  Benjamin has not been found in 1820.

No other records have been found which mention Patience.  This is not surprising for a female at that time.  I am pretty confident that the Patience found in 1810 is the same as the Patience found in 1820.  If that is the case, then I believe that she is not a widow, but that Suddarth is her maiden name.  This of course leads to all kinds of questions, such as whose children is she raising, both in 1810 and 1820?  Are they hers and she was never married or are they the children of a relative that she has taken in and is helping to raise?  I am sure that there are many other possibilities, as well.  Patience will remain one of my favorite ancestors to research, hoping to uncover more of her life’s story.

Posted in Census, Genealogy, Indiana, Kentucky, Methodology, Suddarth | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Four Brothers From Indiana

Posted by dwsuddarth on 8 April 2010

In a previous post, I mentioned that there are four men in Southern Indiana in the early 1800’s who may or may not be brothers.  It has always been assumed that they are brothers, but there has been no evidence found to support that conclusion.  That is no longer the case.  In the letter written by Jerry L. Suddarth, he mentions that his grandfather, James, had brothers Benjamin, Lewis and John.  In addition, he tells us that James had a sister Sadie.  Sadie is a nickname for Sarah and there is a Sarah Suddarth in Southern Indiana at the same time as the others.  The information I have found for the Suddarths in Southern Indiana in the early 1800’s is as follows:

  • James, born 1795 in Virginia
  • Benjamin, born 1801 in Virginia
  • Sarah, born 1803 in either Virginia or Kentucky
  • John, born 1811 in Kentucky
  • Lewis, born 1812 in Kentucky

This information matches the information given in the letter.  However, if these five a siblings, why is there such a large gap in the birth dates between Sarah and John?  By looking at the locations of the births, it would appear that the family moved from Virginia to Kentucky sometime between 1801 and 1811.  According to the 1850 Crawford County, Indiana census, Sarah was born in Kentucky.  In the 1860 Crawford County census, her birthplace is given as Virginia.  The large gap in the birth years could be due to the family’s migration between 1801 and 1811.  However, another possibility, which I think is more likely, is that there are two different mothers here.

It would seem likely that James, Benjamin and Sarah were born to one mother and John and Lewis to another.  This could indicate that the mother of James, Benjamin and Sarah died sometime after 1803 and that the father remarried, possibly after migrating to Kentucky.  This suggests that any extant death and marriage records should be searched in Virginia and Kentucky for the time period between 1803 to 1811.  In addition, the six-year gap between the births of James and Benjamin may indicate the birth of additional child who died while young.

While it may seem a large undertaking to search death and marriage records in all of Virginia and Kentucky, the letter does provide a clue to help narrow down the areas to begin searching.  Jerry Suddarth mentions that the two brothers settled in Albemarle County, Virginia and that the family went from Virginia to Tennessee to Kentucky to Indiana.  It is very possible that the family migrated to Kentucky along the Wilderness Road, which went Southwest in Virginia, dipped into Tennessee, then turned Northwest through the Cumberland Gap and into Kentucky.  The Wilderness Road then went up to Lincoln County, Kentucky, not far from Casey County, which is where James has been located in 1813.  Therefore, looking in the counties through which the Road passed would be the place to begin.


Posted in Indiana, Kentucky, Methodology, Suddarth | Tagged: , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Using Tax Lists

Posted by dwsuddarth on 12 October 2009

Tax lists can help your research in many ways.  Because taxes were collected annually, they can help to fill in the years between census enumerations.  In addition, in most cases, they can provide information regarding land and property ownership.

James Suddarth enlisted in the Kentucky Militia in 1813 for the War of 1812.  He enlisted on 1 January 1813 at Lexington, Fayette County, Kentucky.  He then enlisted again on 18 August 1813 in Casey County, Kentucky.  I consulted the Casey County, Kentucky tax lists and found the following:

NAME YEAR COUNTY AGE
Sutherds, John 1809 Casey above 21
Suddith, John 1812 Casey above 21
Sudderath, James 1812 Casey above 21
Suddearth, John 1813 Casey above 21
Suddearth, James 1813 Casey under 21
Suddearth, John 1814 Casey above 21
Suddearth, James 1814 Casey under 21
Suddearth, John 1815 Casey above 21
Suddith, John 1817 Casey 2 above 21

James first appears in 1812.  He is listed as above age 21.  However, the James I am looking for was born in 1795, making him only 17 in 1812.  He would not have been 21 until 1816.  All the other years in which he appears, he is listed as under age 21.  In the Casey County, Kentucky Court Orders Book 1, 1806-1817, page 250, the following appears:

June the 27th 1814

Satisfactory proof being made to the Court that James Southerd stands charged with the County for two tithes one in 1812 and the other in 1813. when he was really under age it is therefore ordered that the sheriff of this County have a credit for said tithes in his collection of the County levy.

Even though James was listed as above age 21 in 1812, this document tells us that he was actually under 21.  This document also states that even though he was listed as under 21 in 1813, he was still taxed.

Further examination of the tax lists show that  John did not own any land (he was not taxed for any land).  If this is true, there would be no land records to assist in locating and tracing him.

However, from the tax lists, it appears that John may be the father of James.  With this new information, I will begin a search of all available records for a John Suddarth in Casey County, Kentucky.

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A Recap of James Suddarth’s Military Service

Posted by dwsuddarth on 6 October 2009

In the last few posts, I have transcribed James Suddarth’s applications for bounty land.  He was eligible for this bounty land because of service in the War of 1812.

What I have found out is that he originally enlisted in the Kentucky State Militia in Lexington, Fayette County, Kentucky on the first of January, 1813 for a period of three months.  During this time, he served as a pack horse driver under Captain Higgins.  He continued in this service until about March 20, when he received an honorable discharge on account of being sick.  He was discharged in Dayton, Ohio and made his way back home where he stayed for the summer.

On about the 17th of August, 1813, he re-enlisted at the Casey County courthouse in Casey County, Kentucky, again for a term of three months.  He served as a Corporal in the Company commanded by Captain Jesse Coffey in the 6th Regiment of Kentucky Militia.  During this service he was in the Battle of the Themes in Canada.  James never received his discharge after his three month term on account of being sick with the measles.  He was forced to spend time at Nicholasville, Kentucky, near Lexington due to his illness.  Upon returning home, he attempted to obtain his certificate of discharge by calling at the home of Jesse Coffey two different times, but was unable to obtain the certificate due to Coffey not being at home.

I decided to contact the National Archives to see if, by chance, they had any more information regarding James’ service.  Since he was in a state militia, there are no Federal records of his service.  All records, including enlistment records and muster rolls, would be held at the state level.  I then contacted the Kentucky Military History Museum in Frankfort, Kentucky to find where these records may be located.

The news I received was not what I wanted.  Kentucky destroyed all of its military records in 1874 for all wars prior to the Civil War.   This was done to make room for the vast amount of files which were being created for Civil War service.  They needed more space to store those files.  Making a listing of all soldiers who served in prior wars (the Adjutant General’s Report), they then proceeded to destroy all older records.

Even though I have not been able to find any information regarding who James’ parents are, looking through the bounty land application file has been interesting.  In addition, it has added more to my understanding of James.  He is more than just a name and date.  His military service is just the kind of thing which makes family history research so interesting.

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James Suddarth – Application for Bounty Land, Part 3

Posted by dwsuddarth on 3 October 2009

James Suddarth applied for bounty land once again in 1855. This is a transcription of that application.

State of Indiana
Crawford County

On the 20th day of April A.D. 1855 personally appeared before me William A. Jackson clerk of the Crawford Circuit Court in said state, duly authorized to administer oaths generally within and for the court county and state aforesaid, James Suddarth, aged sixty years, a resident of Crawford County in the state of Indiana, who being duly sworn according to law, declares that he is the identical James Suddarth, who was a Corporal in the Company commanded by Captain Jesse Coffey in the 6th Regiment of Kentucky Militia commanded by Colonel _________ Davenport, in war with Great Britain declared by the United States on the 18th day of June 1812, that he volunteered at Casey County in the state of Kentucky on or about the 17th day of August A.D. 1813, for the term of three months, and continued in actual service in said war under said Captain for the term of three months, that he never received a discharge for the reason that on the day the other soldiers in said company were discharged, he was sick of the measles & not able to be mustered out of service; He refers to the muster rolls of said company for evidence of the facts as stated above. He was in the battle of the Thomes. He also inlisted in the Pack Horse service in said war under Captain Higgins, at Lexington in the state of Kentucky, on or about the 1st day of January A.D. 1813, for the term of three months and continued in actual service as Pack Horse man, in said war for the term of at least two and a half months, and was honorably discharged at Dayton in the state of Ohio on or about the 20th day of March A.D. 1813, on account of being sick, which discharge for the last named service was heretofore forwarded to the Commissioner of Pensions for the purpose of procuring a land warrant under act of 28 September 1850.

He makes this declaration for the purpose of obtaining the bounty land to which he may be entitled under the “act granting additional bounty land to certain officers and soldiers who have been engaged in the military service of the United States” approved March 3, 1855, And he refers to his former declarations made under act of 28 September 1850, upon which he obtained a Land Warrant No (not remembered) for 40 acres which he having legally transfered and disposed of, is not within his person now to return.

He further declares that he has not received a warrant for bounty land under any act of Congress, nor made any application therefor, except as above stated.

James Suddarth


Sworn to, subscribed and acknowledged before me the day and year first above written, and on the same day personally came before me William Sanders and R. D. Tucker residents of Crawford county in the state of Indiana to me well person as credible witnesses who being duly sworn according to law, declare that they are personally and well acquainted with James Suddarth; who has made and subscribed the foregoing declaration, And that from their personal acquaintance with him they believe that he is the identical person who performed the military services herein named, and who has received a warrant therefor, and they further swear that they are disinterested witnesses in his claim.

R D Tucker
William Sander

Sworn to and subscribed before me, and I certify that I am not interested in the claim or concerned in its prosecution, and I believe that the claimant is the person he represents himself to be.

In witness of which I hereunto set my hand and the seal of said court (the same being a court of record possessing general jurisdiction) at Leavenworth this 20 day of April 1855

Wm A. Jackson (signature) Clerk
Crawford Cir Court

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James Suddarth – Application for Bounty Land, Part 2

Posted by dwsuddarth on 29 September 2009

In this post, I continue transcribing the bounty land application files of James Suddarth.  James fought in the War of 1812 and sent in three letters of application for bounty land for his service.  This is a transcription of one of two which was completed on 6-November-1850.  This one is for service beginning 18-August-1813, for three months.

State of Indiana
Crawford County

On this Sixth day of November A.D. one thousand Eight hundred and and fifty personally appeared before me a Justice of the Peace within and for the County and State aforesaid, James Suddarth, aged fifty five years a resident of Crawford County in the State of Indiana, who being duly sworn according to law, declares that he is the indentical James Suddarth, who was a Corporal in the Company commanded by Captain Jesse Coffee in the Sixth Regiment of Mounted men Commanded by Col. ______ Davenport in the war with Great Britain declared by the United States on the 18th day of June 1812 that he volunteered at Casey Court House in Casey County in the State of Kentucky on or about the eighteenth day of August A.D. One thousand Eight hundred and thirteen for the term of three months and continued in actual service in said war the term of about two months and a half and did not receive a written discharge. He declares that he remained in said company on their return from from the battle ground of the Thames in Upper Canada until said Company reached Nicholasville in the State of Kentucky (near Lexington) where he was compelled to remain by sickness for a time and that he was not present with his Company when the members received their discharges – that he subsequently called at the residence of said Captain in order to obtain his certificate of discharge at two different times but in consequence of the abscence at each time of said Captain he did did not obtain a certificate of discharge – he further declares that he knows of no val’d reason why he was not entitled to an honorable discharge – as will appear by the muster rolls of said Company.
He makes this declaration for the purpose of obtaining the bounty land in which he may be entitled under the “Act granting bounty land to certain officers and soldiers who have been engaged in the military service of the United States” passed September 28th 1850

James Suddarth

Sworn to and subscribed before me the day and year above written. And I hereby certify that I believe the said James Suddarth to be the identical man who served as aforesaid and that he is of the age above stated

John G Cooper (seal)
Justice of the Peace


State of Indiana
County of Crawford I Cassimer W Kindle Clerk of the Crawford Circuit Court do hereby Certify that John G Cooper before whom the within affidavit was made is and was on the sixth day of November 1850 an acting Justice of the Peace duly Commissioned and qualified and that all of his official acts as such is and ought to be full faith and Credit as such

In Witness of which I Cassimer W Kindle Clerk of the Crawford Circuit Court Subscribe my name and affix the seal of said court at Leavenworth this 13th day of November AD 1850

Cassimer W Kindle (signature)

From both parts of the application made on 6-November-1850, it appears that James originally volunteered at Lexington, Kentucky on 1-January-1813 and served for 2 months and 29 days as a pack horse driver in Captain James Higgins’ Company.  He received an honorable discharge on 29-March-1813 in Dayton, Ohio.  He then volunteered a second time in Casey County, Kentucky on 18-August-1813.  He served in Captain Jesse Coffee’s Company and participated in the Battle of the Themes, in Canada.  Upon returning to Kentucky with his Company, he fell ill at Nicholasville, where he had to remain.  He did not receive his discharge, even after attempting to contact his Captain at home.

A couple of things come to mind here for further research.  First, if he enlisted at Lexington on the first of January, was he living in or near Lexington at this time?  Second, he fell ill at Nicholasville, which is near Lexington.  There is no mention of him staying at a hospital.  While he may have stayed at a hospital, it is also possible that he stayed with family.

I have not found much to help lead me to my original research objective of finding my 3rd great grandfather’s parents yet.  However, I believe James to be a very important person in that search.  I believe he is closely related, and therefore may eventually lead me to where I wish to go.  Whenever research on a particular person dries up, researching collateral relatives, like James, can be of great help.

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James Suddarth – Application for Bounty Land, Part 1

Posted by dwsuddarth on 28 September 2009

James Suddarth applied for bounty land three times, twice in 1850, and again in 1855.  This is a transcription of one of the applications he made in 1850.

State of Indiana
Crawford County
On this sixth day of November A.D. one thousand Eight hundred and fifty , personally appeared before me a Justice of the Peace within and for the County and State aforesaid, James Suddarth aged fifty five years, a resident of Crawford County in the State of Indiana, who being duly sworn according to law declares, that he is the identical James Suddarth pack horse driver in the Brigade commanded by Captain James J Higgins in the war with Great Britain declared by the United States on the 18th day of June 1812, that he enlisted at Lexington in the State of Kentucky on or about the first day of January A.D. One thousand Eight hundred and thirteen for the term of three months and continued in actual service (as such pack horse driver) in said war for the term of two months and twenty nine days and was honorably discharged at Dayton in the State of Ohio, on the twenty ninth day of March A.D. One thousand Eight hundred and thirteen, as will appear by his original certificate of discharge herewith presented or by the muster roll of said Brigade.
He makes this declaration for the purpose of obtaining the bounty land to which he may be entitled under the “act granting bounty land to certain officers and soldiers who have been engaged in the military service of the United States” passed September 28th 1850.

James Suddarth

Sworn to and subscribed before me the day and year above [ or before] written.
And I hereby certify that I believe the said James Suddarth to be the identical man who served as aforesaid and that he is of the age above [ or before] stated.

John G Coopor (signature & seal)
Justice of the peace


State of Indiana

Crawford County I Cassimer W Kindle Clerk of the Crawford Circuit Court do hereby certify that John G Cooper Is and was on the Sixth Day of November 1850 an acting Justice of the Peace duly Commissioned and qualified and that all his acts as such is and ought to be given full faith and Credit
In Witness of which I Cassimer W Kindle Clerk of the Crawford Circuit Court Subscribe my name and affix the seal of said Court at Leavenworth this 13th Day of November AD 1850

Cassimer W Kindle (signature)

There are many clues in this application.  Not only does it tell us that he enlisted in Lexington, Kentucky on the first of January, 1813, we also learn that he was a pack horse driver.  Since we know that James was born in 1795, we know that he was 17 years of age when he enlisted.  In addition, we have the name of his Captain.  We can use this information to discover who else would have fought with James, providing further avenues of research.

We also learn that James enlisted in Lexington, Kentucky.  Lexington is in Fayette County, Kentucky and a search of records should be done there.  It is, however, likely that James did not live in Lexington, but simply went there to enlist, as it was the closest big city to where he lived.  In another application file, James states that he re-enlisted at the courthouse in Casey County, Kentucky.  He most likely was living in Casey County when he enlisted at Lexington at the beginning of January.  However, a search should still be conducted in Fayette County.

Items like those found in this pension file can not only help advance your research, but also add life to the family history.

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James Suddarth

Posted by dwsuddarth on 26 September 2009

In trying to find the parents of Lewis Suddarth, I decided to research the other Suddarths found in Southern Indiana in the early 1800’s.  I have been unsuccessful in locating information about Lewis prior to his marriage in 1839, so I am hoping that research of other Suddarths may lead me to clues about Lewis.  I decided to begin with James Suddarth, as I had the most information about him already collected.

James Suddarth was born 22 March 1795, according to his gravestone.  He first appears on the 1820 Crawford County, Indiana census, enumerated as ‘James Suddreth’.  He is the only male in the household and is enumerated as between 26 and 45 years of age.  In addition, there is one female between 16 and 26 years of age and 3 females between 0 and 10 years of age.  Also enumerated on this census, right below James, is a Patience Suddreth and then a Jeremiah Tadlock.

Patience is the head of household and the only female enumerated.  She is also between 26 and 45 years of age.  In addition, there are two males in the household, one between 0 and 10 and the other between 10 and 16.  Since Lewis was born about 1812 – 1813, he could be the male child between 0 and 10.  The male child between 10 and 16 could be John Suddarth, who was born 6 August 1811.  There is a possibility that Patience is Lewis’s mother.  I have not been able to find any other mention of Patience in any records.  In addition, she appears to have died or remarried by 1830, as I have not been able to locate her on any census record for 1830.  I have searched Indiana marriage records and have found no indication that she had remarried.  Therefore, I believe she had died by 1830.

Jeremiah Tadlock was the husband of Sarah Suddarth.  According to census records, Sarah was born around 1802 in Virginia.  I believe she is a sister of James Suddarth.  These three, James Suddreth, Patience Suddreth, and Jeremiah Tadlock, are listed in order, all next to each other on the census.  There is no doubt that they are all the same family.

In researching James, I decided to look into his military service, because inscribed on his gravestone is ‘Served in War of 1812, Shelby Campaign, Kentucky Militia”.   Since I knew he was born in Virginia, I now could establish that he migrated to Kentucky, probably as a young boy with his parents, and then as a young man, to Southern Indiana.  I consulted the ‘Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Kentucky, Soldiers of the War of 1812′, published in 1891.  I found a ‘James Sudduth’ who served in Captain Jesse Coffee’s Company, Kentucky Mounted Volunteer Militia, Commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Richard Davenport.  But how could I be sure that this ‘James Sudduth’ was my James?

Since he served in the Volunteer Kentucky Militia, there are no federal records of his service.  All service records, including enlistment records, would be kept at the state level.  I contacted the Military History Museum in Frankfort, Kentucky and found out, to my great dismay, that Kentucky destroyed all of its military records for service prior to the Civil War, because it needed more room to store the vast amount of records which were generated after the Civil War.  This took place in 1874.  Being able to find no records in the State of Kentucky, I decided to see if James had applied for a pension or bounty land because of his service.  I had no luck in locating a pension.  However, I did find that he applied for, and received, bounty land for his service.

James Suddarth of Crawford County, Indiana, applied for bounty land three times; twice in 1850 and once in 1855.  In one of his applications made in 1850, James states that he served under Captain James Coffee in the Sixth Regiment of Mounted men commanded by Col. Davenport.  I could now state that the James Sudduth listed in the Report of the Adjutant General was, in fact, my James.  The application further states that James volunteered at the courthouse in Casey County, Kentucky on or about the 18th day of August, 1813.  The application goes on to describe his service in the war.

I now had a location in Kentucky where I could continue my research.  If James was from Casey County, Kentucky, and lived there in 1813, it is very possible that Lewis was born in Casey County, since he was born around 1812 – 1813.

Military records, especially pension and bounty land files, can yield great information.  They can give you new clues to follow up on and also provide some background and context to what was going on in your ancestor’s life.  In this case, the clues from the bounty land file gave me a location in Kentucky to continue my research.

Posted in Kentucky, Methodology, Suddarth | Tagged: , , | 1 Comment »

 
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